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Daylilies (Hemerocallis) are popular perennial plants known for their attractive, trumpet-shaped flowers and low-maintenance requirements. Here’s a detailed description of daylily bulbs, including their sowing time, care, diseases, pests, and fertilizers:

**Daylily Bulbs:**
– **Appearance:** Daylilies grow from fleshy, tuberous roots, often referred to as bulbs, although they are technically rhizomes. These roots store nutrients and water for the plant.

**Sowing Time:**
– **Planting Season:** Daylilies are typically planted in the spring or fall when the soil is workable, depending on your climate. In colder regions, planting in the spring is ideal, while in milder climates, fall planting is common.

**Planting and Care:**
1. **Site Selection:** Choose a location with well-draining soil and full to partial sun. Daylilies can tolerate a range of soil types but thrive in fertile, loamy soil.

2. **Planting Depth:** Dig a hole that’s deep enough to accommodate the roots comfortably, typically around 1 to 2 inches deep. Space daylilies about 18 to 24 inches apart to allow for their mature size.

3. **Watering:** Keep the soil consistently moist during the first year to establish the plants. Afterward, daylilies are quite drought-tolerant and only require watering during dry spells.

4. **Mulching:** Apply a layer of organic mulch around the plants to help retain soil moisture, suppress weeds, and regulate soil temperature.

5. **Fertilization:** Daylilies benefit from a balanced, slow-release fertilizer in the spring. A 10-10-10 NPK (Nitrogen-Phosphorus-Potassium) fertilizer is suitable. Follow the package instructions for proper application.

6. **Division:** Daylilies can become overcrowded over time. To maintain their health and vigor, divide them every 3-4 years in early spring or late summer. Gently dig up the clump and separate the individual fans, then replant.

– Daylilies are generally hardy, but they can be susceptible to a few diseases. Common daylily diseases include:
– **Rust:** A fungal disease that appears as orange-brown spots on the leaves. Use fungicides to treat severe infections.
– **Streak Virus:** This virus can cause streaking and distortion in the leaves. There is no cure, so remove and destroy infected plants to prevent its spread.

– Daylilies are relatively pest-resistant, but a few pests may occasionally trouble them, including:
– **Aphids:** These small insects can be washed off with a strong stream of water or controlled with insecticidal soap.
– **Spider Mites:** These microscopic pests can be treated with neem oil or insecticidal soap.

– Daylilies require a balanced fertilizer with an NPK ratio of 10-10-10 or similar. You can apply a slow-release granular fertilizer in the spring as new growth begins. Follow the package instructions for the correct dosage. Over-fertilization can lead to excessive foliage growth at the expense of flowering.

In summary, daylilies are low-maintenance perennials with beautiful flowers. They are easy to grow, and with proper care, you can enjoy their blooms for many years. Just remember to plant them in well-draining soil, provide adequate water, and protect against potential diseases and pests while providing the right amount of fertilizer.

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450.00550.00 (-18%)