CALLA LILLY – BULBS
A Calla Lily, scientifically known as Zantedeschia, is a popular flowering plant known for its elegant, trumpet-shaped flowers. These plants are relatively easy to grow and make beautiful additions to gardens, pots, or floral arrangements. Here’s a detailed description of Calla Lily bulbs, including sowing time, care, common diseases, pests, and fertilizers:
**Calla Lily Bulb:**
Calla Lily bulbs are actually rhizomes or tubers rather than true bulbs. The plant features large, arrow-shaped, glossy green leaves that grow from a central rhizome. The showy, funnel-shaped flowers are often white, but they can come in a range of colors, including yellow, pink, purple, and even black. The flowers can reach a height of 1 to 3 feet (30 to 90 cm) depending on the variety.
1. **Indoor Sowing:** You can start Calla Lily bulbs indoors 6-8 weeks before the last frost date in your area. This will give them a head start and ensure they bloom earlier in the growing season.
2. **Outdoor Planting:** In regions with mild winters, you can plant Calla Lily bulbs directly into the garden in late winter or early spring. Make sure the soil has warmed up and all danger of frost has passed.
1. **Sunlight:** Calla Lilies prefer partial to full sunlight. They do well with morning sun and some afternoon shade.
2. **Soil:** Well-draining soil is crucial to prevent waterlogged roots. A loamy, slightly acidic soil is ideal.
3. **Watering:** Keep the soil consistently moist, but not waterlogged. Reduce watering in the dormant period.
4. **Temperature:** Calla Lilies thrive in temperatures between 70-85°F (21-29°C). They are not frost-tolerant and should be protected from cold temperatures.
5. **Fertilization:** Use a balanced, liquid fertilizer every 2-3 weeks during the growing season to promote healthy growth and blooming.
6. **Mulching:** Applying a layer of mulch around the plants helps maintain soil moisture and prevent weeds.
Common diseases that may affect Calla Lilies include:
– **Fungal Diseases:** Such as root rot, which can be prevented by well-draining soil and proper watering.
– **Bacterial Diseases:** Bacterial soft rot can be an issue, especially in overly wet conditions.
– **Viral Diseases:** There are some viral diseases, but they are less common.
Common pests that may attack Calla Lilies include:
– **Aphids:** They can be controlled with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
– **Slugs and Snails:** Use traps or slug pellets to deter them.
– **Spider Mites:** They can be treated with insecticidal soap or neem oil.
Calla Lilies benefit from a balanced, water-soluble fertilizer with a ratio like 10-10-10. You can fertilize them every 2-3 weeks during the growing season, reducing to once a month during the dormant period. Make sure to follow the manufacturer’s recommendations on the fertilizer packaging for proper application rates.
In conclusion, Calla Lilies are striking plants that can add elegance to any garden or floral arrangement. With proper care and attention to their specific needs, you can enjoy their beautiful flowers year after year.