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Freesia is a popular flowering bulb plant known for its fragrant, colorful blooms. These bulbs are relatively easy to grow and can add beauty and fragrance to your garden or indoor space. Here’s a detailed description of Freesia bulbs, including their sowing time, care, common diseases and pests, and fertilizer requirements:

1. **Freesia Bulbs**:
– **Scientific Name**: Freesia spp.
– **Description**: Freesia bulbs are small, corm-like structures that produce attractive, trumpet-shaped flowers. The flowers come in a wide range of colors, including white, pink, purple, yellow, and red. They are well-known for their pleasant and sweet fragrance.

2. **Sowing Time**:
– **Climate**: Freesias are typically grown in regions with mild climates. In cooler areas, they can be grown as annuals, while in warmer climates, they may be perennial.
– **Sowing Time**: Depending on your region, you can plant Freesia bulbs in the fall or early spring. The exact timing will depend on your local climate and the growing conditions.

3. **Care**:
– **Location**: Choose a sunny or partially shaded location with well-draining soil. Freesias prefer at least 6 hours of sunlight per day.
– **Planting**: Plant the bulbs about 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) deep and 2-3 inches (5-7.5 cm) apart. Space them closely for a more dramatic display.
– **Watering**: Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water sparingly during the dormant season.
– **Fertilization**: Apply a balanced, all-purpose fertilizer when you plant the bulbs, and again after they finish blooming. Follow the instructions on the fertilizer packaging for proper application.

4. **Diseases**:
– **Botrytis Blight**: This fungal disease can affect Freesia leaves and flowers. To prevent it, avoid overhead watering and ensure good air circulation.
– **Aphids**: These tiny insects can infest Freesia plants and cause damage. Use insecticidal soap or neem oil to control aphids.

5. **Pests**:
– **Thrips**: Thrips are another common pest that can damage Freesia flowers. Insecticidal soap or neem oil can help manage thrip infestations.
– **Nematodes**: These microscopic worms can harm Freesia roots. Practice crop rotation to prevent nematode problems.

6. **Fertilizers**:
– Freesias benefit from regular feeding to promote healthy growth and vibrant blooms. Use a balanced, slow-release fertilizer with an NPK ratio of around 10-10-10 or similar.
– Apply the fertilizer at the beginning of the growing season (spring) and again after flowering.
– Water the plants after fertilizing to ensure the nutrients are absorbed by the roots.

Overall, Freesias are relatively low-maintenance plants, but they can reward you with beautiful, fragrant flowers. Proper care, timely planting, and vigilance against diseases and pests will help you grow healthy and attractive Freesia plants.

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300.00450.00 (-33%)